Saturday, November 15, 2008

I was recently asked by an elder law attorney to speak with the 70 yr old wife of a man that had just entered into an alzheimer memory care facility. She is facing the prospect of spending all of her assets for his care and leaving her impoverished. Because they did not do any LTC planning, she is faced with few options.
Folks, wake up and smell the coffee! It is not a question of, Will it happen? It is more of When will it happen? and for How long? and How much will it cost my family?
Texas is in the process of offering a program that will provide a partnership for those folks willing to take the time to do some long term care planning. I just attended training to be state certified to offer partnership qualified policies. What this means for you is that the state of Texas will provide a safety net for those citizens that take responsibility for purchasing long term care insurance that is age appropriate for the partnership plan. You will be able to legally avoid spending down all of your family's assets. In a nutshell, if you depleted your insurance benefits, you would have state funds available to help provide for your care. Without this partnership, your spouse would need to spend down all assets first. This is a wonderful planning tool that will benefit middle income families. I will update this later when the plan becomes available however, those wishing to take advantage of this opportunity, contact me and I will show you how to design such a plan.

Wednesday, September 3, 2008

Long Term Care Basics

Here's what I get asked most often by consumers and business people:
What is long term care?

It's the care people need when they can’t perform the tasks of ordinary living independently -- things we do each morning, like bathing, dressing, toileting, continence, eating, and moving around. Or, the person may need care and supervision due to a cognitive impairment such as Alzheimer's disease, dementia, or stroke.
Is long term care insurance appropriate for everyone?

Everyone except (a) those without means who can qualify for Medicaid; (b) those whose lifestyles would be seriously compromised by the monthly premiums, or (c) those rich enough to self-insure.
What are the different ways in which care is provided?

When people need care for any illness or accident, it may fall into one or more of the following categories:
Acute Versus Chronic Care: Acute care is the type usually provided in hospitals and emergency rooms: treatment of stroke, heart attack, and pneumonia, for example. Chronic care is usually for conditions that are treatable but generally not completely curable: arthritis, diabetes, hypertension, and alzheimers, for example.
Skilled Care: Usually delivered in skilled nursing homes, this type of care can also be received in one's homel. If the skilled care meets strict criteria set forth by Medicare, then the provider is referred to as a skilled nursing facility (SNF). Medicare defines skilled care as services and rehabilitation that require technical or professional personnel such as registered nurses, licensed practical nurses, and physical or occupational therapists.
Non-Skilled Care: Also known as custodial care, this type is provided to persons who need help on a regular basis with activities of daily living -- because of a physical limitation, chronic problem, or a cognitive disorder. The care can be given by any non-skilled individuals including family members.
Long term care insurance may be appropriate for all the above care except skilled care which may be covered by health insurance or Medicare.
Where is long term care provided?

Less than 20% receive care in nursing homes. Most people prefer to get care at home, adult day care, or assisted living facilities. These are the choices:
In one's own home: Most long term care recipients live with their families. About 1.3 million are cared for at home by paid helpers, who provide skilled or unskilled care with basic personal activities. Another 5.5 million Americans receive unpaid help at home from family members.
Skilled Nursing Facilities: Also known as nursing homes, these institutions are usually comprised of two separate units, one that gives skilled nursing care (which may be covered by Medicare), and one providing non-skilled or custodial care (which may be covered by long term care insurance). The goal of the “Medicare” unit is to provide services needed to rehabilitate patients so they can go home. However, often patients are unable to return home and are moved over to the non-skilled or custodial unit.
Assisted-Care Living Facilities: Also known as assisted-living facilities or residential care facilities, these institutions provide non-skilled care for people who need help with daily living but can also provide much of their own care. These institutions are an excellent alternative to nursing homes. The residents may live in apartments that they can personalize. Some will allow couples to stay together.
Adult Day Care centers: These community-based services were developed to help people stay at home and are the primary choice when one spouse must continue to work. The centers offer custodial care during weekdays and sometimes on weekends too. Remember 39% of all LTC recipients are working age.
What does long term care cost, and who pays?

The cost varies depending on state of residence and type of care (nursing home, in-home, etc.). Nursing home services currently average close to $60,000 per year in Texas. Costs are projected to rise dramatically in the years ahead.

There are four options for paying. The individual needing care may --

  • Rely on family (spouse, children, etc). Appropriate only when there is a support system in place with available time, money, and accomodations.
  • Self-insure and pay for long term care with one's own assets and income. Recommended only for the very wealthy.
  • Spend down all assets and then qualify for Medicaid. New federal legislation passed in 2005 makes this option more difficult and less attractive than it was in the past.
  • Transfer a predetermined amount of the long term care risk to an insurance company. In other words, buy a long term care insurance polity. The best option for most Americans.

Friday, August 15, 2008

Can you deduct the cost of Long Term Care Insurance?

Most individuals do not ask this question but for those that are sole proprietors or partners in a business, they should be asking. I have attached a link to an article that was written in Kiplinger's Financial by Kimberly Lankford that gives a very nice explaination. In a word, YES. The insurance is deductible. Now go read the details and caveats to see how you can take advantage of this.

Sunday, August 3, 2008

Almost everyone that I spoke with today answered the question, "How is your health?" with the answer, "Good!". People frequently ignore their changing health to their detriment. I had one gentleman tell me that his doctor said he was in great shape. However, when I took his medical history I found that the doctor had actually said that he was in great shape considering all the medical problems that he has. We sometimes hear what we want to hear. Any change in your health or medication can make you uninsurable for 90days, 6 months, 1 year, 10 years, or forever.

When I am asked what's the best age to seriously consider long term health care insurance, my answer is always that the younger and healthier applicants get the best options and prices. We are not like a great bottle of wine, we don't usually get better with age. However, like wine, we do hit our prime and then decline in body and spirit. Waiting is rolling the dice on your health changing due to aging, disease, or accidents.
So what to do? Don't ignore your health and protect your assets.